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俄罗斯将大力发展氢能和太阳能

   2021-04-27 46200
核心提示:   据4月26日RT报道,国际太阳能联盟(ISA)主席Ajay Mathur博士表示,俄罗斯,一个以其丰富的石油和天然气储备而闻名的国家,有

   据4月26日RT报道,国际太阳能联盟(ISA)主席Ajay Mathur博士表示,俄罗斯,一个以其丰富的石油和天然气储备而闻名的国家,有潜力成为“绿色”氢能和太阳能的世界领导者。

  该组织成立于2016年,最初由印度总理纳伦德拉·莫迪(Narendra Modi)提议,专注于将位于热带地区的国家团结在一起,当然,其他地区的国家也有可能成为其成员。该计划旨在促进太阳能的消费,以减少对化石燃料的依赖。现在,Mathur正考虑将该集团扩展到其他拥有重要太阳能前景的国家,包括俄罗斯。

  Mathur表示:“我们相信,尤其是俄罗斯南部地区有着巨大的太阳能开发潜力。俄罗斯和ISA可以互相学习。ISA提供了一套其他国家的经验教训,而我们从俄罗斯获得的经验教训可以与太阳能联盟和全球太阳能用户群体分享。”

  值得一提的是,当前,俄罗斯在水力发电方面取得了巨大的进步,在水电解法方面处于世界领先地位。

  Mathur强调:“俄罗斯是世界上国土面积最大的国家。我们期待它成为太阳能联盟的一员。”

  除了太阳能,马瑟认为俄罗斯可以在氢能方面发挥主导作用。绿色氢气是利用太阳能分解水而产生的。它不同于通过化石燃料制造的“灰氢”,以及使用不可再生能源但碳足迹较低的“蓝氢”。

  4月初,有消息称,到2050年,俄罗斯通过出口环保型氢气每年可获利1002亿美元。此外,工业和贸易部部长丹尼斯·曼图罗夫透露,该国将开发生产绿氢和蓝氢的技术。

  尽管俄罗斯经济仍然严重依赖化石燃料出口,但该国政府已经开始更加严肃地对待气候变化和全球变暖问题。

  普京指出:“我们必须应对气候变化的挑战,调整农业、工业、公用事业和所有的基础设施。我们必须创建一个回收碳排放的行业,实现碳排放量的减少,并实行严格的控制和监控。”

  王佳晶 摘译自 RT

  原文如下:

  End of Moscow’s reliance on gas & oil? Russia's solar power potential means it could become world's green-energy leader – expert

  Russia, a country known for its vast reserves of oil and gas, has the potential to become a world leader in 'green' hydrogen and solar power. That's according to Dr Ajay Mathur, head of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).

  Founded in 2016, and first proposed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the organization initially focused on grouping together countries that lie in between the tropics, with the possibility of other states gaining associate membership. It aims to boost the consumption of solar energy as a means of reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Now, Mathur is looking at expanding the group to other countries with a significant solar future – including Russia.

  "We believe that especially the southern part of Russia has a huge potential for the production of solar energy," Mathur told Moscow news agency RIA Novosti. "Both Russia and ISA can learn from each other. ISA provides a set of lessons from other countries, and the lessons we take from Russia can be shared with the solar alliance and the entire global solar-user community."

  According to Mathur, Russia has made great strides in the development of hydroelectric power plants, and leads the world in water electrolysis.

  "Russia is the largest country on Earth. We are counting on it to become a member of the solar alliance," he continued. "I would really like to come to Russia and pay tribute to the Russian leadership."

  Aside from solar, Mathur believes Russia can take a leading role in producing 'green' hydrogen. Green hydrogen is created by using solar energy to split water. It is distinct from 'grey' hydrogen, which is made through fossil fuels, and from 'blue' hydrogen, which uses non-renewable energy sources but has a low carbon footprint.

  Earlier this month, it was revealed that Russia could earn up to $100.2 billion a year by 2050 from the export of environmentally friendly types of hydrogen. In addition, the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturov, revealed that the country would develop technology for the production of both 'green' and 'blue' hydrogen.

  While Russia's economy still strongly relies on exports of fossil fuels, the country's government has begun to take climate change and global warming more seriously.

  "We must respond to the challenges of climate change, adapt agriculture, industry, utilities, the entire infrastructure," Putin said. "[We must] create an industry to recycle carbon emissions, achieve a reduction in their volume and introduce strict control and monitoring."

 
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