6月全球液化天然气交付量增加

   2021-07-06 IP属地 浙江中国石化4180
核心提示:   据世界能源7月5日消息:今年6月,全球液化天然气接收量连续第四个月同比增长,但较5月有所下降,处于去年10月以来的最低水

   据世界能源7月5日消息:今年6月,全球液化天然气接收量连续第四个月同比增长,但较5月有所下降,处于去年10月以来的最低水平。

  石油分析公司Vortexa的数据显示,上月液化天然气总交付量从去年同期的2700万吨上升至2990万吨,但低于5月份的3190万吨。上个月的进口量为去年10月以来的最低水平,当时全球进口量为2890万吨,去年11月至今年5月的交货量均保持在3000万吨以上,这在一定程度上反映了全球需求的典型季节性特征。

  亚太地区强劲的需求再次成为全球增长的主要驱动力,该地区上个月接收了1760万吨,高于去年同期的1540万吨,并进一步将其市场份额从去年同期的69.8%和5月份的68.9%提高到70.4%。但拉美国家也贡献了很大一部分额外需求,该地区上月的总收入从去年同期的99.3万吨增加了一倍,达到190万吨,创下了2018年8月以来的最高水平,而就在美国新管道投产前,墨西哥的液化天然气需求开始大幅下降。

  今年以来,阿根廷国内天然气产量的疲软推动了该国对液化天然气的依赖,而巴西创纪录的干旱则大幅打压了水力发电产量,并提升了该国的天然气需求。但拉丁美洲在全球市场的份额仍仅为5.7%,尽管这一比例高于去年同期的2.3%和5月份的3.6%。

  欧洲在全球需求中的份额从去年同期的22.1%和5月份的23.8%收窄至6月份的19.4%。该地区上月进口量为575万吨,与去年同期的571万吨基本持平。

  尽管与去年同期相比,6月份天气较为温和,但日本6月的进口量从去年同期的530万吨和5月的520万吨增至560万吨。与去年6月相比,上个月更强劲的经济活动使消费有所增加,当时出台了更多的新冠肺炎限制措施。

  在Krishna Godavari盆地的新海上油田投产后,国内产量增加,也减少了该国对进口的依赖。最新数据显示,印度上个月的进口量从一年前的234万吨降至180万吨,而5月份国内产量从一年前的23亿立方米增长了近五分之一,达到27.4亿立方米。6月份液化天然气价格高企,可能也打压了印度买家对现货的兴趣。

  冯娟 摘译自 世界能源

  原文如下:

  Global LNG Deliveries Rise in June

  Worldwide LNG receipts increased compared with a year earlier for a fourth consecutive month in June but dropped from May and were at their lowest since October.

  Aggregate LNG deliveries rose to 29.9mn t of LNG last month from 27mn t a year earlier, data from oil analytics firm Vortexa show, but were lower than the 31.9mn t delivered in May. Receipts last month were at their lowest since October, when 28.9mn t was imported globally, with November-May deliveries all holding above 30mn t, partly reflecting a typical seasonality profile in global demand.

  Stronger Asia-Pacific demand was again the main driver of the global increase, with the region receiving 17.6mn t last month, up from 15.4mn t a year earlier, and further increasing its market share to 70.4pc, from 69.8pc a year earlier and 68.9pc in May. But Latin American countries also contributed a large slice of the additional demand, with aggregate receipts to the region broadly doubling to 1.9mn t last month from 993,000t a year earlier — and the highest since August 2018, just before the commissioning of a new pipeline from the US began to slash Mexico's LNG demand.

  Weak domestic gas production in Argentina has boosted the country's reliance align="justify">  Europe's share of global demand narrowed to 19.4pc in June from 22.1pc a year earlier and 23.8pc in May. The region took 5.75mn t last month, broadly unchanged from 5.71mn t a year earlier.

  Japanese receipts rose to 5.6mn t in June from 5.3mn t a year earlier and 5.2mn t in May, despite mild weather during the month compared with June 2020. But stronger economic activity last month enabled higher consumption compared with June last year, when more Covid-19 restrictions were in place.

  Stronger domestic production following the start-up of new offshore fields in the Krishna Godavari basin also reduced the country's reliance on imports. Indian receipts fell to 1.8mn t last month from 2.34mn t a year earlier, while domestic production rose by almost a fifth to 2.74bn m³ in May, the latest data available, from 2.3bn m³ a year earlier. High LNG prices in June may have also weighed on Indian buyers' appetite for spot cargoes.

 
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