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美国原油出口跃升至今年最高水平

   2021-06-10 3450
核心提示:   据油价网6月9日消息,美国周二公布的贸易数据显示,美国4月原油出口跃升至每日323.6万桶,高于3月的每日261.5万桶,为今年

   据油价网6月9日消息,美国周二公布的贸易数据显示,美国4月原油出口跃升至每日323.6万桶,高于3月的每日261.5万桶,为今年迄今最高的原油出口数据。

  2021年1月,美国原油出口量也超过300万桶/天,达到307.5万桶/天。然而,数据显示,4月份的出口价值远远高于1月份的出口价值,因为每桶平均价格从今年1月份的49.11美元跃升至4月份的58.87美元。

  2月和3月,美国原油出口量均为约260万桶/天,这也是由于2月中旬的冬季暴风雪导致美国原油产量暴跌40%,其中最显著的是产油大州得克萨斯州。

  美国普查局首先公布贸易数据,美国能源情报署(EIA)则根据贸易数据得出月度出口数据,并在月末前后公布。

  EIA第一季度数据显示,美国原油出口量略高于美国普查局的数据,预计1月份的出货量为每日316.5万桶,2月和3月的出口量约为每日270万桶。

  今年1月,受亚洲炼油商强劲需求的推动,美国唯一深水港路易斯安那近海石油港的原油出口较去年12月翻了一番,创下历史新高。

  根据EIA的数据,去年美国原油日出口量为318万桶。主要经济体的重新开放和全球原油需求的预期增长可能会推动美国今年的出口。

  美国的石油生产商向很多国家出售原油,主要是亚洲国家。亚洲是轻质低硫原油的天然市场,这类产品在美国的产量中占主导地位。欧洲是美国去年的另一大石油客户,由于当地轻质原油产量下降,英国、法国、德国和荷兰总共吸收了71.9万桶/天的美国原油。

  裘寅 编译自 油价网

  原文如下:

  U.S. Crude Oil Exports Jump To Highest Level This Year

  U.S. crude oil exports jumped to 3.236 million barrels per day (bpd) in April, up from 2.615 million bpd in March, and the highest crude export figure so far this year, according to trade data from the U.S. Census Bureau published align="justify">  In January 2021, U.S. crude oil exports also exceeded 3 million bpd, at 3.075 million bpd. Yet, the value of the exports in April was considerably higher than the value of those in January, as the average price per barrel jumped from $49.11 in the first month of the year to $58.87 in April, the data showed.

  Exports were around 2.6 million bpd in each of February and March, also because of the winter storms in mid-February, which resulted in a 40-percent slump in U.S. crude oil production, most notably in the top oil-producing state, Texas.

  The U.S. Census Bureau reports first the trade data, align="justify">  EIA data for Q1 shows slightly higher U.S. crude oil exports than Census Bureau data, estimating January shipments at 3.165 million bpd, and February and March exports at around 2.7 million bpd.

  In January this year, crude oil exports from the align="justify">  Last year, U.S. exports of crude oil stood at 3.18 million bpd, according to EIA data. The re-opening of major economies and the expected increase in global crude oil demand could boost American exports this year.

  U.S. oil producers are selling crude to a lot of countries, mainly in Asia. Asia is a natural market for the light, sweet grades that dominate U.S. output. Asia was the first region to start recovering from the pandemic, which helped exports. Europe was the other large oil client of the United States last year, with the UK, France, Germany, and the Netherlands taking in a combined 719,000 bpd of U.S. crude as production of local light grades declined.

 
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