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到2030年希腊可以生产500兆瓦的蓝色氢

   2021-06-07 3100
核心提示:   据安迅思6月4日消息称,市场参与者在6月4日的一次能源会议上表示,到2030年,希腊可能生产高达500兆瓦蓝氢。  希腊几家能

   据安迅思6月4日消息称,市场参与者在6月4日的一次能源会议上表示,到2030年,希腊可能生产高达500兆瓦蓝氢。

  希腊几家能源公司的参与者补充说,为了实现这一目标,希腊需要在今年年底之前制定一个氢和电池存储框架,并制定一个吸引碳捕获和存储(CCS)设施投资的计划。

  一位参与者表示:“该战略还应鼓励电力、工业和海事部门使用蓝色氢,这种氢是通过改造天然气和使用CCS产生的。”

  该公司的一位成员在介绍中说,到2030年,氢气可能成为液体商品,EnEx电力交易所致力于发展这一市场。

  EnEx成立了一个氢气工作组,并希望与市场共同开发一个氢气指数。

  EnEx官员补充说:“目前氢的价格还没有透明度。随着市场变得透明,免费获得价格信息可能会吸引全球交易兴趣。氢指数将不断变化,但一开始应该基于贡献和价格评估,然后再基于流动性现货市场。”

  希腊电网运营商DESFA的预测模型预计,到2030年,希腊的天然气消费量将达到61亿立方米,因为预计将有1.4吉瓦的联合循环燃气涡轮机上线,而且国家能源战略支持了一些天然气项目。

  DESFA表示,到2025年,希腊用于发电的天然气消费量将从今年的33亿立方米增加到34亿立方米,因为该国计划到2023年逐步淘汰大部分燃煤发电能力。根据电力交易所EnEx的每周报告,5月30日至6月5日期间,天然气发电占电力需求的40%,而可再生能源占25%,进口量占24%,水力发电占8%,褐煤占3%。

  政府应该加强天然气和氢气的发展,并将它们置于未来几年能源规划的核心,另一位与会者补充说。

  除可再生能源外,还可以使用天然气或氢气,以平衡希腊能源结构的波动。

  曹海斌 摘译自 安迅思

  原文如下:

  Greece could produce 500MW blue hydrogen by 2030

  Greece could produce up to 500MW of blue hydrogen by 2030, market participants said during an energy conference align="justify">  To achieve the target the country needs to develop a hydrogen and battery storage framework by the end of the year and set a plan for attracting investment in carbon capture and storage (CCS) facilities, added participants from several Greek energy firms.

  “The strategy should also encourage power, industry and maritime sectors towards blue hydrogen, which is produced by reforming natural gas and using CCS,” said align="justify">  Hydrogen could become a liquid commodity by 2030 and the power exchange EnEx is committed to developing this market, said a member of the company in its presentation.

  EnEx created a hydrogen working group and is looking to develop a hydrogen index together with the market.

  “There is no price transparency for hydrogen yet. As the market grows transparent, freely available price information is likely to attract global trading interest. The hydrogen index will undergo constant change, but at the start it sould be based align="justify">  Grid operator DESFA’s forecast model expects gas consumption in Greece to reach 6.1 billion cubic metres (bcm) by 2030 due to 1.4GW combined cycle gas turbines scheduled to come align="justify">  DESFA said Greek gas consumption for power generation is set to increase from 3.3bcm this year to 3.4bcm in 2025, as the country plans to phase out the majority of its coal-fired capacity by 2023. Generation from gas units covered 40% of the power demand between 30 May to 5 June, while renewables covered 25%, imports stood at 24%, hydro 8% and lignite with 3%, according to the weekly report from the power exchange EnEx.

  The government should enhance the development of gas and hydrogen and place them at the heart of energy planning in the coming years, added a second participant.

  Gas or hydrogen units could operate in addition to renewables, balancing the fluctuations in the Greek energy mix.

 
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