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俄罗斯限制乌拉尔原油出口以满足欧佩克协议

   日期:2020-06-30     浏览:207    评论:0    

     据世界石油6月28日伦敦彭博社报道,俄罗斯旗舰级乌拉尔原油的出口将在下个月大幅下降,这凸显出俄罗斯致力于帮助欧佩克和盟国生产商避免全球供应过剩。

    根据彭博社(Bloomberg)所见的装载计划,来自其三个主要的西方港口——波罗的海的普里莫尔斯克(Primorsk)和乌斯特-卢加(usti - luga)以及黑海的诺沃罗西斯克(Novorossiysk)的该级别原油的出口将环比下降40%,至7月份每天约78.5万桶。该国于2012年才开始从Ust-Luga运送货物,从那以后,这三个港口的总流量从未降低。

    俄罗斯正在与沙特和其他产油国合作,以消除过剩。其的减产已将乌拉尔油田的溢价推高至多年来的最高水平,并收紧了更广泛的现货石油市场。

    该消息宣布后,乌拉尔市场的金融衍生品上涨。据经纪商称,7月掉期合约的交易价较布伦特原油现货溢价在1.80-1.95美元。 相比之下,4月初油价暴跌时的折扣价约为4.50美元。

    部分装载计划已经预示了出口的减少。一份7月前10天的出口清单显示,这段时间的石油日出口量降至88万桶。

    下个月,Primorsk将率先减少发货量,处理130万吨,即每天约30.7万桶。 这还不到一年前发货量的三分之一。 Ust-Luga将每天运送28.4万桶石油,而来自Novorossiysk的石油流量将降至每天20万桶以下。

    郝芬 译自 世界石油

    原文如下:

    Russia throttles key Urals crude exports to meet OPEC+ agreements

    Russia’s exports of its flagship Urals crude oil grade are set to plunge next month, underscoring the nation’s commitment to helping OPEC and allied producers to avert a global glut.

    Exports of the grade from its three main western ports -- Primorsk and Ust-Luga in the Baltic Sea and Novorossiysk in the Black Sea -- will fall 40% month-on-month to about 785,000 barrels a day in July, according to loading plans seen by Bloomberg. The country align="justify">    Russia is working with Saudi Arabia and other producing countries to eliminate a surplus. Its output cuts have driven up premiums that Urals command to the highest in years, and tightened the wider physical oil market, albeit at the cost of selling smaller volumes.

    Financial derivatives in the Urals market rallied after the news. Swaps contracts for July were trading at premiums of between $1.80 and $1.95 to Dated Brent, brokers said. That compares with a discount of about $4.50 at the depths of oil’s rout in early April.

    The reduced exports had already been foreshadowed by a partial loading program. An export schedule for the first 10 days of July showed flows for the period dropping to 880,000 barrels a day.

    Primorsk will lead the drop, handling 1.3m tons, or about 307,000 barrels a day, next month. That’s less than a third of what it was shipping a year ago. Ust-Luga will ship 284,000 barrels a day, while flows from Novorossiysk will decline to below 200,000 barrels a day.

 
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