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前5个月欧洲天然气需求下降8%

   日期:2020-06-23     浏览:518    评论:0    

     据土耳其新闻社6月22日消息称,根据牛津能源研究所(OIES)的最新报告,由于温和气温的连续影响、发电领域的高可再生能源以及COVID-19的后果的相继影响,2020年前5个月,欧洲的天然气需求同比下降了约8%,即190亿立方米。

    报告称:“2020年前5个月,发电量同比下降6.6%,但与此同时,可再生能源占比从2019年同期的37%上升到43,其中水电和风能是主要的贡献者,分别为18%和17%。

    该报告进一步指出,在这些情况下,其他燃料几乎没有发展空间,核能发电量下降了11%,天然气下降了13%,煤炭下降了28%。

    需求降幅最大的是法国和意大利,分别下降13.2%和11.5%;波兰的需求小幅增长2%,主要是由于其电力部门改用煤制气。

    报告称,德国天然气发电量增长了3%,波兰增长了9%,荷兰可能增长了10%,而在两种燃料完全不能转换的国家,天然气发电量下降了。

    报告称:“英国下降了31%,法国下降了18%,意大利下降了13%,比利时下降了7%。”

    它补充说,在西班牙,今年前五个月的发电天然气需求与去年同期相比下降了约11%,为58亿立方米左右。

    该机构预测,英国的降幅最大,为34亿立方米,意大利为13亿立方米,西班牙为8亿立方米。

    曹海斌 摘译自 土耳其新闻社

    原文如下:

Europe gas demand down 8% in 1st 5 months of 2020

Natural gas demand in Europe has declined year-on-year by about 8% or 19 billion cubic meters (bcm) in the first five months of 2020 due to the successive impact of mild temperatures, high renewables in power generation and the consequences of COVID-19, according to Oxford Institute for Energy Studies’ (OIES) latest report.

“In the first five months of 2020, power generation was down by 6.6% year on year, while at the same time, the share of renewable generation increased to 43%, up from 37% over the same period in 2019, with hydro and wind as the main contributors, at 18% and 17% respectively,” the report said.

It further detailed that these circumstances have left little room for other fuels with nuclear generation down by 11%, gas by 13% and coal by 28%.

The sharpest decline in demand was seen in France with a 13.2% drop and in Italy with an 11.5% fall while Poland registered a small increase of 2% as a result of coal-to-gas switching in its power sector.

The report said gas generation was up by 3% in Germany, 9% in Poland and potentially by 10% in the Netherlands while in countries with limited to no possibility of switching between the two fuels, gas generation decreased.

“In the UK, it collapsed by 31%, in France, it was down by 18%, in Italy by 13% and in Belgium by 7%,” it said.

It added that in Spain, gas demand for electricity generation was down by about 11% to around 5.8 bcm in the first five months of the year compared to the same period last year.

The institute forecast that the largest decline in volume is expected in the UK with a 3.4 bcm fall, Italy with a 1.3 bcm slide and Spain with a 0.8 bcm drop.

 
标签: 欧洲 天然气 需求
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