曹海斌 摘译自 土耳其新闻社
Europe gas demand down 8% in 1st 5 months of 2020
Natural gas demand in Europe has declined year-on-year by about 8% or 19 billion cubic meters (bcm) in the first five months of 2020 due to the successive impact of mild temperatures, high renewables in power generation and the consequences of COVID-19, according to Oxford Institute for Energy Studies’ (OIES) latest report.
“In the first five months of 2020, power generation was down by 6.6% year on year, while at the same time, the share of renewable generation increased to 43%, up from 37% over the same period in 2019, with hydro and wind as the main contributors, at 18% and 17% respectively,” the report said.
It further detailed that these circumstances have left little room for other fuels with nuclear generation down by 11%, gas by 13% and coal by 28%.
The sharpest decline in demand was seen in France with a 13.2% drop and in Italy with an 11.5% fall while Poland registered a small increase of 2% as a result of coal-to-gas switching in its power sector.
The report said gas generation was up by 3% in Germany, 9% in Poland and potentially by 10% in the Netherlands while in countries with limited to no possibility of switching between the two fuels, gas generation decreased.
“In the UK, it collapsed by 31%, in France, it was down by 18%, in Italy by 13% and in Belgium by 7%,” it said.
It added that in Spain, gas demand for electricity generation was down by about 11% to around 5.8 bcm in the first five months of the year compared to the same period last year.
The institute forecast that the largest decline in volume is expected in the UK with a 3.4 bcm fall, Italy with a 1.3 bcm slide and Spain with a 0.8 bcm drop.