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马国油因油价暴跌关闭或搁置14个项目

   日期:2020-04-28     浏览:450    评论:0    

据今日石油网2020年4月24日吉隆坡报道,马来西亚国家石油公司在吉隆坡表示,自去年年底油价开始下跌以来,马国油已把其全部在用钻机数量从18部减少到了4部。

据新加坡《海峡时报》报道,一家行业刊物日前援引业内消息人士的话说,在油价恢复到盈亏平衡水平之前,马国油已经关闭或搁置了14个项目。

搁置包括暂时关闭运营,但作为一个节约成本的措施,马国油仍将保持最低限度的钻井活动。

报道称:“马国油在目前的价格上已无法维持其运营,因为其在用钻机主要位于深水区,运营成本更昂贵。”马国油把深水钻井作业盈亏平衡点定在每桶70美元左右。

《海峡时报》称,马国油的成本削减措施反映了全球油气行业的情绪。在过去几个月里,石油价格已从每桶近100美元暴跌到了每桶不到20美元。

由于疫情以及价格战导致油价(尤其是美国的西德克萨斯中质原油价格)跌到了历史低点,因此,全球石油巨头们纷纷大幅削减了预算。

能源市场研究和情报公司Westwood表示,深水勘探计划正在重新制定,全球在用钻机数将在2019年的基础上减少35%。

年初,今年全球完钻的高影响井数曾被预计与去年完成的93口井相似或者略高。Westwood现在预计高影响井在今年年底前预计将完钻60-70口,回到2014年油价暴跌后2016-2018年的水平。

今年全球所有地区的钻井活动预计都将减少,其中北美(包括墨西哥)可能受到的打击最大,尽管该地区今年仍将完钻最多高影响井。东地中海地区可能在今年剩下的时间里很少有高影响井,而撒哈拉以南非洲今年可能只有3-5口高影响井完钻。

不过,Westwood表示,在北海中部、圭亚那和苏里南以及墨西哥浅水坎佩切地区的钻井计划可能受影响较小,不过疫情可能仍会限制钻井作业,即便是在企业热衷钻探的地区。

李峻 编译自 今日石油

原文如下:

Petronas shuts down 14 projects as deepwater pressure mounts>Malaysian oil and gas company Petroliam Nasional Bhd (Petronas) is said to have reduced the number of its fully active rigs from 18 to four since oil price began dropping late last year.

According to The Straits Times, the national oil company had shut down or warm-stacked 14 projects until oil price recovers to breakeven levels, an industry publication reported, quoting sources.

Warm-stacking involves temporarily shutting down operations but maintaining minimal activity as a cost-saving measure.

“Petronas is unable to maintain its operation at the current price because its rigs are mainly in deepwater, which are more expensive to run,” the report said, putting the breakeven level at around US$70 a barrel.

The Straits Times said Petronas’ purported cost-cutting measure reflects the sentiments of the global oil and gas industry.

In the past few months, oil prices had plummeted from nearly US$100 a barrel to under US$20 a barrel.

Consequently, oil majors have made substantial budget cuts>Energy market research and intelligence company Westwood says deepwater exploration plans are being redrawn and the well count is expected to drop globally by as much as 35%>At the start of the year the high impact well count had been expected to be similar or slightly higher than the 93 wells completed in 2019. Westwood now expects ~60-70 high impact exploration wells to be completed by the end of 2020, back to the numbers seen from 2016 to 2018 after the 2014 oil price crash.

All regions are expected to see a decline in drilling, with North America (including Mexico) likely to take the biggest hit, although it will still see the most wells. The Eastern Mediterranean may have very few high-impact wells in the rest of the year, and Sub-Saharan Africa will likely>However, Westwood said drilling plans in the Central North Sea, in Guyana and Suriname and the shallow water Campeche area in Mexico are likely to be less affected, although COVID-19 may yet limit operations even where companies are keen to drill.

 
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