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亚太地区将推动全球风电产能发展

   日期:2019-11-19     浏览:144    评论:0    

据世界能源新闻11月18日消息称,全球风电市场规模从2010年的716亿美元增至2018年的964亿美元。在2019-2030年的预测期内,亚太地区(APAC)的产能大幅增加,预计将推动该市场,到2030年,该市场规模将增至1246亿美元。

GlobalData 的一份报告显示,中国在2018年新增风电产能和累计风电产能方面都处于全球领先地位。报告还发现,在2019-2030年期间,海上风力发电将越来越受欢迎,在总产能中所占的份额也将越来越多。

GlobalData行业分析师Harshavardhan Reddy Nagatham表示:“就累积风电装机容量而言,亚太地区是全球最大的风电市场,2018年累计风电装机容量为262.2吉瓦(GW)。欧洲和北美的累积装机容量也相当可观,2018年分别达到约200吉瓦和100吉瓦。南美、中美洲、中东和非洲地区的产能较小,但预计将在2019-2030年期间会有所增长。然而,中国和美国将继续占据主导地位。”

2018年,中国风电产能超过20吉瓦,累计产能超过200吉瓦。随着国际减排压力的不断加大,中国将继续在预测期内每年增加约20吉瓦的大型风电产能,到2030年底将达到400吉瓦以上的累计产能。

Nagatham补充道:“迄今为止,陆上风力发电一直是风力发电领域的主导技术,相比之下,海上风力发电设施数量极少。随着一些国家已经在进行的大型海上设施的安装,这一情况将发生重大改变。

“中国、英国和德国将在2019-2030年期间引领海上设施建设。全球各机构的共同研发努力有望降低安装海上风力发电场的成本。”

Nagatham总结说:“德国和英国在2015-2018年间大幅增加了海上产能,德国2015年的年度新增装机容量高达2.3吉瓦,英国2017年的年度新增装机容量为1.7吉瓦。两国将在2019年至2030年之间大幅增加海上装机容量。中国在2010-2018年间增加了海上产能,并将在2019年至2030年期间每年增加1-3吉瓦。另一方面,美国目前没有任何大型的海上风电产能,但预计在2023-2030年期间,每年将增加1-2GW的海上风电产能。”

曹海斌 摘译自 世界能源新闻

原文如下:

APAC to Fuel Global Wind Power

Global wind power market size increased from $71.6bn in 2010 to $96.4bn in 2018. During the 2019–2030 forecast period, significant capacity additions in the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region are expected to drive that market, increasing the market size to $124.6bn by 2030.

A report from GlobalData revealed that China is the global leader in terms of both capacity additions and in terms of cumulative wind capacity in 2018. The report also finds that offshore wind power will gain popularity and increase its share of total capacity during 2019–2030.

Harshavardhan Reddy Nagatham, Industry Analyst at GlobalData says: “The APAC region was the largest market in terms of cumulative installed wind power capacity with 262.2 gigawatts (GW) in 2018. Europe and North America also had significant cumulative capacities with around 200GW and 100GW, respectively, in 2018. The South and Central America and Middle East and Africa regions had smaller capacities but are expected to see growth during 2019–2030. However, China and the US will continue to dominate.”

China installed over 20GW of wind power capacity in 2018, taking its cumulative capacity to over 200GW. With mounting international pressure to cut emissions, China will continue to add large wind power capacities of around 20GW each year during the forecast period to reach over 400GW cumulative capacity by the end of 2030.

Nagatham adds “onshore wind power has been the dominant technology in the wind power space so far, and offshore installations have been miniscule in comparison. This is set to change significantly with a few countries’ large-scale offshore installations that are already underway.

“China, the UK and Germany will lead the way in offshore installations during 2019–2030. The concerted research and development (R&D) efforts of various bodies globally are expected to drive down the cost of installing offshore wind farms.”

Nagatham concludes: “Germany and the UK have had significant offshore capacity additions during 2015–2018 with annual additions as high as 2.3GW in Germany in 2015 and 1.7GW in the UK in 2017. Both countries will make large offshore capacity additions between 2019 and 2030. China has had increasing offshore capacity additions during 2010–2018 and will add 1-3GW each year between 2019 and 2030. The US align="justify"> 

 
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