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贝克休斯:美国石油钻探连续第六周削减钻井平台

   日期:2019-08-12     浏览:71    评论:0    

据路透社8月9日消息,美国能源企业本周连续第六周减少石油钻井平台数量,因生产商削减新钻井和完井支出,导致产量增长预测下降。

通用电气旗下贝克休斯能源服务公司周五在其备受关注的报告中称,在截至8月9日的一周内,钻探商削减了6座钻井平台,使总钻井数量降至764座,这是自2018年2月以来的最低水平。

这是自3月份以来最大的周跌幅,3月份也经历了连续六周削减钻井平台的状况。

在一年前的同一周,共有869座运作的钻井平台。

过去8个月,作为未来产量早期指标的石油钻井数量有所下降,原因是独立勘探和生产企业削减了新钻井的支出,因为它们更关注利润增长,而不是增产。

美国最大的独立石油生产商之一先锋自然资源公司(PXD)周三警告称,页岩热潮可能在2025年结束,该国最大的页岩油田二叠纪盆地的一个区域除外,因油价仍处于低位,且许多生产商减少钻探活动。

美国能源情报署(EIA)本月将其预计的今年美国原油总日产量下调至1227万桶。2018年,日产量达到创纪录的1099万桶。

美国原油期货CLc1周五交易价格高于每桶54美元,国际能源署的一份报告显示,自2008年金融危机以来,预计需求增长最少,因此本周合约有望下跌约2%。

展望未来,2019年CLBALst和2020年CLYstc1美国原油期货价格分别为每桶54美元和52美元左右。

美国金融服务公司考恩集团(Cowen & Co)本周表示,其追踪的勘探和生产公司预计,2019年钻探和完井的资本支出将较2018年下降5%。

考恩公司表示,独立石油生产商预计2019年的支出将减少11%左右,而主要石油公司计划增加16%左右。

考恩公司称,其追踪的所有勘探生产公司计划在2019年总计投资约810亿美元,而2018年为854亿美元。

今年迄今为止,美国处于运作的石油和天然气钻井平台的总数平均为1004座。大多数钻井平台同时生产石油和天然气。

美国投资银行Piper Jaffray的能源专家Simmons & Co的分析师预测,油气钻井平台的平均数量将从2018年的四年高位1,032座下滑至2019年的970座和2020年的955座,然后在2021年升至997座。

裘寅 编译自 路透社

原文如下:

U.S. oil drillers cut rigs for sixth week in a row: Baker Hughes

U.S. energy firms this week reduced the number of oil rigs operating for a sixth week in a row as producers cut spending align="justify">Drillers cut six oil rigs in the week to Aug. 9, bringing the total count down to 764, the lowest since February 2018, General Electric Co’s (GE.N) Baker Hughes energy services firm said in its closely followed report align="justify">That is the most weekly declines in a row since March when drillers also cut rigs for six consecutive weeks.

In the same week a year ago, there were 869 active rigs.

The oil rig count, an early indicator of future output, has declined over the past eight months as independent exploration and production companies cut spending align="justify">Pioneer Natural Resources (PXD.N), align="justify">The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) this month lowered its projected total U.S. crude output to 12.27 million barrels per day this year. In 2018, production hit a record high 10.99 million bpd.

U.S. crude futures CLc1 traded above $54 per barrel align="justify">Looking ahead, U.S. crude futures were trading around $54 a barrel for the balance of 2019 CLBALst and $52 in calendar 2020 CLYstc1.

U.S. financial services firm Cowen & Co this week said that projections from the exploration and production (E&P) companies it tracks point to a 5% decline in capital expenditures for drilling and completions in 2019 versus 2018.

Cowen said independent producers expect to spend about 11% less in 2019, while major oil companies plan to spend about 16% more.

In total, Cowen said all of the E&P companies it tracks that have reported plan to spend about $81.0 billion in 2019 versus $85.4 billion in 2018.

Year-to-date, the total number of oil and gas rigs active in the United States has averaged 1,004. Most rigs produce both oil and gas.

Analysts at Simmons & Co, energy specialists at U.S. investment bank Piper Jaffray, have forecast the average combined oil and gas rig count will slide from a four-year high of 1,032 in 2018 to 970 in 2019 and 955 in 2020 before rising to 997 in 2021.

 

 
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